The Basics

Remember these sounds:

ësounds like but

ėsounds like set

êsounds like took

ésounds like bat

esounds like bit

asounds like father

osounds like go

isounds like feet

tthis pronounced like ch

this pronounced like J

Listen to the audio tape carefully for the sound of the ( tth ), ( th ) and the ( e ) in each instance.

Sentence Structure

The basic form of a verb is the he/she form. Prefixes (at the beginning) and suffixes (at the end) indicate the WHO of the verb or the sentence. For example:

zhyaMeans: He/she is going.

nde zhyaMeans: I am going.

gde zhyaMeans: You are going.


nipithëMeans: Where

nithëpiMeans: When

winithëMeans: Who

wégwnithëMeans: What

nithëAlso means: What

You will notice that when a sentence begins with any of these words, the verbs take different endings. For example:

nipithë ė zhyatMeans: Where is he/she going?

nipithë ė zhyayanMeans: Where am I going?

nipithë ė zhyayenMeans: Where are you going?

Remember: Future tense is indicated by “wi”…….Past tense is indicated by “gi”. For example:

nwi zhyaMeans: I am going (somewhere).

ngi zhyaMeans: I did go or I went.

In subordinate sentences these syllables change to “wa” and “ga”. For example:

nipithë wa zhyayen?Means: Where are you going to go?

nipithë ga zhyayen?Means: Where did you go?

Congratulations, you’ve completed Book 2